Medical marijuana contains several compounds called cannabinoids, including tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), that interact with the body's endocannabinoid system. This system is responsible for regulating various bodily functions, such as pain sensation, appetite, and mood.
When medical marijuana is consumed or inhaled, the cannabinoids bind to specific receptors in the endocannabinoid system, which can produce various effects. THC, the primary psychoactive compound in marijuana, has been found to have pain-relieving properties by interacting with the body's natural pain pathways. It can also have a sedative effect, which can help promote relaxation and sleep.
CBD, on the other hand, has been found to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, meaning it can reduce inflammation and pain sensation. It can also help modulate the effects of THC, reducing the psychoactive effects and potential adverse effects.
Medical marijuana may also help reduce the need for other pain medications, such as opioids, which can have numerous adverse effects and potential for addiction.