Mother's Day, as it is celebrated today, largely originates from the United States, where Anna Jarvis is most commonly credited with founding the modern version of the holiday in the early 20th century. Here's a brief history:
Early Influences: Celebrations of mothers and motherhood can be traced back to the ancient Greeks and Romans, who held festivals in honor of the mother goddesses Rhea and Cybele. Early Christians also had a day of celebrating "Mother Church" on the fourth Sunday of Lent, which gradually became a day for honoring human mothers too.
Julia Ward Howe's Mother's Day Proclamation: In the United States, Julia Ward Howe, an abolitionist and suffragette, proposed in 1870 what she called a "Mother's Day for Peace" after the American Civil War, encouraging women to rise against war in a proclamation. However, this was different from the modern celebration and it didn't become an annual holiday.
Anna Jarvis and the Creation of Mother's Day: The official Mother's Day holiday arose in the 1900s due to the efforts of Anna Jarvis. After her mother's death in 1905, Jarvis conceived of Mother’s Day as a way of honoring the sacrifices mothers made for their children. She successfully campaigned to make it a recognized holiday in the United States beginning in 1908, and it was officially designated as the second Sunday in May by President Woodrow Wilson in 1914.
International Adoption: The holiday became increasingly popular over the years and has been adopted by other countries around the world, although it is celebrated on different dates and in different ways depending on the country.
While the modern Mother's Day originated in the United States, it's worth noting that many cultures have their own traditions of honoring mothers that predate the U.S. holiday.